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The Bridgehead Excavation Image Archive  
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Overview of the Bridgehead site, Minneapolis 1994.






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Glass bottle from the Bridgehead site.






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Pharmaceutical bottle with embossed lettering.






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Bottles used at Bonsay's Restaurant (and later the saloon) on 1st Street North, Minneapolis just before the turn of the century.






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The item on the right is a piece of slate with a slate pencil for doing schoolwork.






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Possible decorated bone.






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Excavation unit at the Bridgehead site.






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Personal items discovered at Bridgehead.






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Artifacts discovered at the Bridgehead site.






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Artifacts uncovered at the Bridgehead site.






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View of wood lining, Feature 7.






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Uncovered foundation.






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Bridgehead site.






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Found in privy, Feature 7.






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Ceramic teapot.






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Found in privy, Feature 7.






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Clay smoking pipes.






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Circular saw found at the Bridgehead site.






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Brown stoneware bottle and mixing bowl, typical utilitarian wares of the late 19th century.






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Close-up of brown stoneware bottle.






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Ceramics discovered at Bridgehead.






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Decorated ceramic recovered at Bridgehead.






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Minneapolis south quadrangle showing site.






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Project location.






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Minneapolis Real Estate Board Map, 1903. Note position of AREA B.






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Benneche (1914) Map showing project area.






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Test Unit 1, east profile.






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Test Unit 4, east profile.






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Feature 15; Privy Vault behind #16 1st Street North.






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Feature 16, east wall profile.






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Drawing showing layers.






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Feature 13, east profile.






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Feature 7, east profile.






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Feature 11, east profile.






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Feature 12, east profile.






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Feature 10, east profile.






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1994 Excavations at the Bridgehead Site.






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1994 Excavations at the Bridgehead Site.






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North Star Iron Works Co.






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North Star Iron Works Co.






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North Star Manufacturing Co.






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River Front Region of the Federal Reserve Bank Project.






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North Star Iron Works and 1994 excavations.






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Map of area.






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Hennepin Avenue Bridge.






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Plan of sawmill for general purposes.






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A plan of a standard log haul-up.






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Machinery used in logging activities.






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A flat-link chain used for conveying sawdust and other refuse.






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Pacific Mill and 1994 excavations.






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52






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Profile of an excavation unit.






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Mean Annual Temperature, 1820-1987.






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Total Annual Precipitation, 1837-1987.






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Mean Annual Temperature and Total Annual Precipitation, Minneapolis, Minnesota.






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Mean Annual Temperature and Total Annual Precipitation, Minneapolis, Minnesota.






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Variation in Total Annual Precipitation, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 1850-1890.






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Variation in Monthly Precipitation, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 1881-1889.






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Variation in Monthly Precipitation, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 1864-1865.






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Deep Foundations at the corner of Hennepin Avenue and 1st Street North destroyed many historic land surfaces and features. Some, particularly the deeply-dug wood-lined privies of the late 19th century, remained to be discovered.






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Digging Feature 7, a privy at the rear of 26 1st Street North.






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East wall profile of Feature 15.






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East wall profile of Feature 16.






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Profile of Feature 17.






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Feature 13 behind O'Donnell's Boot & Shoe Shop.






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Feature 7, Layer C with artifacts in place.






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Feature 7, view of wood lining.






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Feature 11, east wall profile.






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Bottom of ash deposit, Feature 12.






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East wall profile of Feature 10.






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Archaeologist supervising backhoe.






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Metal can recovered from the Bridgehead site.






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Recording the Bridgehead site.






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Feature 7, complex privy.






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Feature 7, view to the northwest.






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Feature 7 complex.






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General view of site, looking south.






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Archaeologists hard at work at Bridgehead; this shows Features 10 and 12






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Excavation of Features found in AREA B, Bridgehead Site.






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Archaeological Excavation at the Bridgehead Site, 1994



 
 


 

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Updated 30 June 1999