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Stories - Cultures - Woodland








early Woodland cooking pot notched point

500 BP -- 3000 BP

Great changes appeared about 3,000 years ago, when a culture that we call "Hopewell" spread from the Ohio Valley. It was part of the broad tradition known as Woodland, which brought the making of pottery and the building of ceremonial mounds. Shown in this layer is an early Woodland cooking pot, designed with a pointed bottom for balancing on logs or stones in an open fire. With it is a notched point made in the shape that we commonly call "arrowhead," although it may have been used with a javelin or atlatl. Late Woodland people in this region made more finely decorated pottery and sometimes built sacred mounds in the shape of animals or birds (effigy mounds). After about 1200 BP they depended heavily on harvesting wild rice. In many parts of the upper Mississippi Valley the Woodland culture lasted until after European contact.

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Updated 30 Jun 1999