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Red Wing Locality








The Bartron Site         
Site Number(s):   21GD2  
County:   Goodhue, MN  
City Township:   Red Wing  
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The Bartron site is a small village located at the southern end of Prairie Island. It was occupied by people of the Oneota culture for a relatively short time. While there are many mounds on Prairie Island, few are close to the Bartron village. The arrangment of these mounds does not match other village and mound sites in this area.

The site was first surveyed by T. H. Lewis in late October of 1885. Little formal archaeology has been undertaken at the Bartron site and it remains poorly known. The site, however, has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Plant remains from this site indicate some corn was grown, but there was a more significant use of wild plants, such as wild rice, acorns, and plums. The inhabitants would have taken advantage of their situation on the Mississippi River to fish and hunt wild birds and small game for food.

Archaeological excavation uncovered various subsurface features, such as fire hearths, storage/refuse pits, and postmolds. Parts of two houses were found, and possibly a portion of palisade.

The Bartron site is much like other 11th century villages in the Red Wing locality in the types of artifacts recovered, but with far less evidence of Middle Mississippian influence.

Ceramics indicate that the Bartron site is principally an Oneota village, and the radiocarbon dating evidence indicates that it is at least partly contemporary with, and a little earlier than, the nearby Bryan, Silvernale, and Mero sites.



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Updated 30 June 1999